This handout provides suggestions for writing papers or reactions that request you to evaluate a text through the lens of a vital or theoretical source that is secondary.

Generally speaking, the lens should expose something concerning the initial or “target” text that will never be otherwise obvious. Instead, your analysis might phone the legitimacy associated with the arguments for the lens piece into concern, expand the arguments associated with lens text, or provoke several other reevaluation for the two texts. In either case, you’ll be producing a“dialogue that is critical texts.”

Reading the Texts

You read them is crucial since you will eventually want to hone in on points of commonality and discord between the two texts, the order and manner in which.

First, read the lens text to determine the core that is author’s and language. Since theoretical or critical texts are usually thick and complex, it may possibly be beneficial to develop a plan of this author’s main points. According the to Brandeis Writing Program Handbook, a valuable lens essay will “grapple with main some ideas” of this lens text, as opposed to working with remote quotes that could or is almost certainly not indicative regarding the author’s argument all together. As a result, it is essential to make sure you certainly comprehend and will articulate the author’s details before continuing into the target text.

Upcoming, quickly browse the target text to produce an idea that is general of content. Then, think about: Where do we see basic points of disagreement or agreement involving the two texts? Which associated with lens text’s primary arguments could be used towards the target text? It could be simpler to concentrate on a couple of regarding the lens text’s arguments that are central.

With your tips in your mind, return back and see the target text very very very carefully, through the theoretical lens, thinking about listed here concerns: which are the primary the different parts of the lens text and exactly what are their complementary components when you look at the target text? How do I apply the lens author’s vocabulary that is theoretical logic to circumstances into the target text? Is there circumstances where in fact the lens text’s arguments don’t or can’t apply? How come this? It really is beneficial to keep a careful, written record of web page numbers, quotes, along with your ideas and responses while you read.

Because this variety of paper handles a synthesis that is complex of sources, it really is particularly crucial to own an obvious course of action before beginning composing. It may help to cluster quotes or activities by subject material, by theme, or by if they support, contradict, or else alter the arguments into the lens text. Hopefully, typical themes, tips, and arguments will quickly emerge and you will begin drafting!

Composing the Introduction and Thesis

As your paper involves the interactions that are complex multiple texts, you will need to explain what you would be doing the introduction. Remember to demonstrably introduce the lens text and its own particular arguments you is supposed to be using or assessing. Then introduce the target text and its particular themes that are specific occasions you’ll be handling in your analysis.

These introductions of texts and themes should lead into some variety of thesis declaration. Though there are not any set guidelines or conventions for just what this thesis should appear to be, be sure it states the points of conversation you will end up talking about, and describes what your critical or theoretical analysis associated with target text reveals in regards to the texts.

Composing your body

The human body is where you use particular arguments through the lens text to certain quotes or circumstances within the target text. In each situation, make sure to talk about what the lens text reveals in regards to the target text (or vice versa). Make use of the lens text’s language and rational framework to examine the prospective text, but ensure that you be clear about where tips into the paper are coming from (the lens text, the mark text, your own personal interpretation etc.) therefore the reader does not be confused.

By doing this sort of analysis, you will be “entering an academic discussion” and inserting your personal tips. Since that is obviously easier in theory, Gerald Graff and Cathy Birkenstein’s notion of “Templates” may show of good use. Within their guide, they do say, I Say, the authors set down numerous templates to aid authors participate in unknown kinds of critical scholastic discourse. They encourage pupils to make use of the templates in virtually any ability they find helpful, be it filling them in verbatim, modifying and extending them, or using them as an entry that is analytical, then discarding them entirely.

Right right Here we modify their fundamental template (They say ________. I say ________.), to generate lens templates that are essay-specific help you to get started:

Mcdougal of this lens text lays down a helpful framework for understanding cases of ________ in the prospective text. Certainly, into the target text, one sees ________, that could be viewed a typical example of ________ by the lens author’s meaning. Therefore, we come across a point of commonality _____ that is concerning__. This similarity reveals ________.

Based on the lens text _______ tends to happen in situations where _______. By the lens author’s meaning, ________ in the mark text might be considered an example of _______. Nevertheless, this parallel is imperfect because _______. As a result, we become aware of ________.

One sees ________ in the mark text, which calls the lens author’s argument that ________ into question because ________.

In the event that composer of the lens text is proper that ________, you would be prepared to see ________ in the prospective text. Nevertheless, ________ really occurs, exposing a point that is critical of. This discord shows that ________. pay someone to write my paper This problem is very important because ________.

Wrapping Things up and Drawing Conclusions

The texts address by this point in your essay, you should be drawing conclusions regarding what your lens analysis reveals about the texts in questions, or the broader issues. Be sure to explain why these discoveries are very important for the control where you might be composing. Put another way, the thing that was the idea of undertaking your analysis within the place that is first? Delighted lens writing!

Brandeis UWS Writing Handbook, 70.

Birkenstein, Cathy and Gerald Graff, They State, I State. (Ny: W. W. Norton & Company, 2007), 2-3.